Federal Programs

The Federal government operates many immigration and visa programs of Canada. Based on the duration of stay and the rights afforded to applicant, these are of 2 principal types:

a) Permanent Residence programs

The Applicant (and family including spouse and dependant children) come to Canada to settle permanently. They become ‘Permanent Resident’ of Canada, (also referred to as ‘landed immigrant’), and enjoy almost all the rights afforded to Canadian citizens (except a few). They can apply for Canadian citizenship on meeting the requirements.

b) Temporary Residence programs

The Applicants enter Canada for temporary purposes, after satisfying the Officer that they will leave Canada at the end of their authorized stay. The temporary purpose could be:
    – Visit visa – as a tourist or business exploration or family visits ….more…..
    – as International Students (Study Permit) ….more
    – as Temporary Foreign Workers (work Permit) ….more

Conditions are imposed on Temporary residents at entry, and they are expected to abide by the same during their stay in Canada. Some Temporary Residents may be eligible to apply for permanent residence status from within Canada (e.g. Canada Experience Class)